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Viptela Documentation

VPN-Interface-Cellular

You can use the VPN-Interface-Cellular feature template to configure cellular module parameters on vEdge routers.

To configure cellular interfaces using vManage templates:

  1. Create a VPN-Interface-Cellular feature template to configure cellular module parameters, as described in this article.
  2. Create a Cellular-Profile template to configure the profiles used by the cellular modem. See Configure Cellular Profiles.
  3. Create a VPN feature template to configure VPN parameters. See Configure Segmentation (VPNs) on vEdge Routers.
  4. Create a device template that incorporates the two cellular feature templates and the VPN feature template. See Create Configuration Templates for a vEdge Router.

Navigate to the Template Screen

  1. In vManage NMS, select the Configuration ► Templates screen.
  2. From the Templates title bar, select Feature.
  3. Click Add Template.
  4. In the left pane, select one or more devices. The right pane displays the available templates for the selected devices.
  5. Select the VPN-Interface-Cellular template.

The right pane displays the VPN-Interface-Cellular template form.

  • The top of the form contains fields for naming the template.
  • The bottom contains fields for defining parameters applicable to that template.
  • A drop-down menu to the left of each parameter field defines the scope of the parameter. When you first open a feature template from, for each parameter that has a default value, the scope is set to Default. To edit a parameter, change the scope to Global or Device Specific. Note that if a parameter's scope is Device Specific, you cannot enter a value for it in the feature template. Instead, you enter a value when you attach the template to a device.
  • A plus sign (+) is displayed to the right when you can add multiple entries for the same parameter.

Minimum Cellular Interface Configuration

The following parameters are required (unless otherwise indicated) to create a cellular interface:

Step Parameter Field Procedure
 1. Template Name Enter the template name. It can contain only alphanumeric characters.
 2. Description (Template) Enter a description for the template. It can contain only alphanumeric characters.
 3. Technology Enter the radio access technology (RAT) with the cellular interface. The default is lte. It can also be auto and cdma. (In Releases 16.2.10 and later.)
 4. Shutdown Click No to enable the interface.
 5. Interface name Enter the name of the interface. It must be cellular0.
 6. Profile ID Enter the identification number of the cellular profile. This is the profile identifier that you configure in the Cellular-Profile template.
Range: 1 through 15
 7. Description (optional) Enter a description of the cellular interface.
 8. IP configuration (optional)

For an interface in VPN 0, you can select Dynamic to set the interface as a DHCP client in order to allow it to receive its IP address from a DHCP server. If you select Dynamic, you can also optionally set the DHCP distance to specify the administrative distance of routes learned from a DHCP server. The default DHCP distance is 1.

 9. IP address Enter the IPv4 address for the interface.
10. DHCP helper (optional)

To set the interface as a DHCP helper interface, enter up to four IP addresses for DHCP servers in the network, separated by commas. A DHCP helper interface forwards broadcast DHCP requests that it receives from the specified DHCP servers.

 11. Interface tunnel Under the Interface Tunnel tab, set Tunnel Interface to On and select a Color.
 12. IP MTU Under the Advanced tab, enter 1428 for the IP MTU. You cannot use a different value.
 13. Save Click Save to save the feature template.

CLI equivalent:

vpn 0
 interface cellular0
  ip dhcp-client
  technology technology
  tunnel-interface
   color color
  !
  mtu      1428
  profile  number
  no shutdown
 !
!

Create a Tunnel Interface

To configure an interface in VPN 0 to be a WAN transport connection, you must configure a tunnel interface on the cellular interface. The tunnel, which provides security from attacks, is used to send the phone number. At a minimum, select On and select a color for the interface, as described in the previous section. You can generally accept the system defaults for the remainder of the tunnel interface settings.

To configure the tunnel interface parameters, select the Interface Tunnel tab:

Parameter Name Description
Tunnel Interface Click On to create a tunnel interface.
Color Select a color for the TLOC. The color typically used for cellular interface tunnels is lte.
Control Connection The default is On, which establishes a control connection for the TLOC. If the vEdge router has multiple TLOCs, click No to have a tunnel not establish a TLOC.
Max Control Connections

Set the maximum number of vSmart controllers that the WAN tunnel interface can connect to. To have the tunnel establish no control connections, set the number to 0.
Range: 0 through 8

Default: 2

Allow Service Click On or Off for each service to allow or disallow the service on the cellular interface.

To configure additional tunnel interface parameters, click Advanced Options:

Parameter Name Description
Encapsulation

Select the encapsulation to use on the tunnel interface. The default is IPsec.

You can select both IPsec and GRE encapsulation. In this case, two TLOCs are created for the tunnel interface, and they have the same IP address and color, but they have different encapsulations.

Preference

Enter a value to set the preference for directing traffic to the tunnel. A higher value is preferred over a lower value.
Range: 0 through 4294967295
Default: 0

Weight

Enter a weight to use to balance traffic across multiple TLOCs. A higher value sends more traffic to the tunnel.
Range: 1 through 255
Default: 1

Carrier

Select the carrier name or private network identifier to associate with the tunnel.
Values: carrier1, carrier2, carrier3, carrier4, carrier5, carrier6, carrier7, carrier8, default
Default: default

Bind loopback tunnel Enter the name of a physical interface to bind to a loopback interface. The interface name has the format geslot/port.
Last resort circuit Use the tunnel interface as the circuit of last resort
Hold time Set the delay before switching back to the primary tunnel interface from a circuit of last resort.
Range: 1000 through 10000 milliseconds (1 through 10 seconds)
Default: 7000 milliseconds (7 seconds)
NAT refresh interval Set the interval between NAT refresh packets sent on a DTLS or TLS WAN transport connection.
Range: 1 through 60 seconds
Default: 5 seconds
Hello interval Set how often BFD sends Hello packets on the transport tunnel.
Range: 100 through 300000 milliseconds (5 minutes)
Default: 1000 milliseconds (1 second)
Hello tolerance Set how long to wait for a Hello packet on a DTLS or TLS WAN transport connection before declaring that transport tunnel to be down.
Range: 12 through 600 seconds (10 minutes)
Default: 12 seconds

CLI equivalent:

vpn 0
  interface cellular0
    tunnel-interface
      allow-service service-name
      bind interface-name
      carrier carrier-name
color color
      encapsulation (gre | ipsec)
        preference number
        weight number
      hello-interval milliseconds
      hello-tolerance seconds
      hold-time milliseconds
      max-control-connections number
      last-resort-circuit
      nat-refresh-interval seconds

Configure the Cellular Interface as a NAT Device

To configure a cellular interface to act as a NAT device, select the NAT tab, click On, and click the plus sign (+) to add a port forwarding rule:

Parameter Name Description
Port Forward Define up to 128 port-forwarding rules to allow requests from an external network to reach devices on the internal network.
Port Start Range

Enter the port name to define the port or first port in the range of interest.
Range: 0 through 65535

Port End Range

Enter the same port name to apply port forwarding to a single port, or enter a larger number to apply it to a range of ports.
Range: 0 through 65535

Protocol Select the protocol to which to apply the port-forwarding rule, either TCP or UDP traffic for the port forward rule. To match the same ports for both TCP and UDP traffic, configure two rules.
VPN Specify the private VPN in which the internal server resides. This VPN is one of the VPN identifiers in the overlay network.
Range: 0 through 65530
Private IP Specify the IP address of the internal server to which to direct traffic that matches the port-forwarding rule.

To configure other NAT parameters, click Advanced Options:

Parameter Name Description
Refresh mode

Select how NAT mappings are refreshed, either outbound or bidirectional (outbound and inbound).
Default: Outbound

UDP timeout

Specify when NAT translations over UDP sessions time out.
Range: 1 through 65536 minutes
Default: 60 minutes (1 hour)

TCP timeout

Specify when NAT translations over TCP sessions time out.
Range: 1 through 65536 minutes
Default: 60 minutes (1 hour)

Block ICMP

Select On to block inbound ICMP error messages. By default a vEdge router acting as a NAT device receives these error messages.
Default: Off

Respond to Ping Select On to have the vEdge router respond to ping requests to the NAT interface's IP address that are received from the public side of the connection.

CLI equivalent:

vpn 0
  interface cellular0
    nat
      block-icmp-error
      port-forward port-start port-number1 port-end port-number2
        proto (tcp | udp) private-ip-address ip address private-vpn vpn-id
      refresh (bi-directional | outbound)
      respond-to-ping
      tcp-timeout minutes
      udp-timeout minutes

Apply Access Lists

To apply access lists (ACLs) to cellular interfaces, select the ACL tab:

Parameter Name Description
Shaping rate

Configure the aggreate traffic transmission rate on the interface to be less than line rate, in kilobits per second (kbps).

QoS map Specify the name of the QoS map to apply to packets being transmitted out the interface.
Rewrite rule Click On, and specify the name of the rewrite rule to apply on the interface.
Ingress ACL Click On, and specify the name of the access list to apply to packets being received on the interface.
Egress ACL Click On, and specify the name of the access list to apply to packets being transmitted on the interface.
Ingress policer Click On, and specify the name of the policer to apply to packets being received on the interface.
Egress policer Click On, and specify the name of the policer to apply to packets being transmitted on the interface.

CLI equivalent:

vpn 0
  interface cellularnumber
    access-list acl-list (in | out) 
    policer policer-name (in |out)
    qos-map name
    rewrite-rule name
    shaping-rate name

Configure Other Interface Properties

To configure other interface properties, select the Advanced tab:

Parameter Name Description
IP MTU

Enter 1428 to set the MTU size, in bytes. This value must be 1428. You cannot use a different value.

PMTU discovery Click On to enable path MTU discovery on the interface, to allow the router to determine the largest MTU size supported without requiring packet fragmentation.
TCP MSS

Specify the maximum segment size (MSS) of TPC SYN packets passing through the vEdge router. By default, the MSS is dynamically adjusted based on the interface or tunnel MTU such that TCP SYN packets are never fragmented.
Range: 552 to 1460 bytes
Default: None

Clear-Dont-Fragment Click On to clear the Don't Fragment (DF) bit in the IPv4 packet header for packets being transmitted out the interface. When the DF bit is cleared, packets larger than that interface's MTU are fragmented before being sent.
Static ingress QoS Select a queue number to use for incoming traffic.
Range: 0 through 7
ARP timeout Specify how long it takes for a dynamically learned ARP entry to time out.
Range: 0 through 2678400 seconds (744 hours)
Default: 1200 seconds (20 minutes)
Autonegotiate Click Off to turn off autonegotiation. By default, an interface runs in autonegotiation mode.
TLOC extension

Enter the name of a physical interface on the same router that connects to the WAN transport. This configuration then binds this service-side interface to the WAN transport. A second vEdge router at the same site that itself has no direct connection to the WAN (generally because the site has only a single WAN connection) and that connects to this service-side interface is then provided with a connection to the WAN.

CLI equivalent:

vpn 0
  interface cellular0
    arp-timeout seconds
    [no] autonegotiate
    clear-dont-fragment
    mtu 1428    
    pmtu
    static-ingress-qos number
    tcp-mss-adjust bytes
    tloc-extension interface-name

Release Information

Introduced in vManage NMS in Release 16.1.
In Release 16.2, add circuit of last resort and its associated hold time.
In Release 16.2.10, add support for configuration RAT.

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